A medical emergency is any health-related event that is potentially debilitating or life-threatening. This includes heart attacks, seizures, auto accidents, loss of consciousness, large loss of blood, etc.
In the case of such an event:
- Have someone call 911 (9-911 if from a campus phone) immediately. Relay all relevant information (building, room, address and the nature of the emergency). Do NOT hang up with the 911 operator until you are released.
- Contact Campus Security at 797-7669. (Dial 9 before # if from a campus phone.)
- Search the area for any hazards that may have caused the emergency or could be hazardous to first responders. This could include downed power lines, chemicals or motor vehicle traffic.
- If a trained person is available, first aid should be given.
- Have someone wait outside the building to escort emergency medical personnel to the scene.
HANDS-ONLY CPR (for witnessed sudden collapse) 1. CHECK
- CHECK the scene, then CHECK the person
- Tap on the shoulder and shout, “Are you okay?”
- CALL 911 if no response.
- If unresponsive and not breathing, BEGIN CHEST COMPRESSIONS.
2. GIVE CHEST COMPRESSIONS
- Occasional gasps are not breathing.
- Whenever possible, use disposable gloves when giving care.
- Place the heel of one hand on the center of the chest.
- Place the heel of the other hand on top of the first hand, lacing your fingers together.
- Keep your arms straight, positioning your shoulders directly over your hands.
- Push hard and push fast.
Compress the chest at least two inches.
Compress at least 100 times per minute.
Let the chest rise completely before pushing down again.
3. DO NOT STOP
- Continue chest compressions.
- Except in one of these situations:
- You see an obvious sign of life (breathing).
- Another trained responder arrives and takes over.
- EMS personnel arrive and take over.
- You are too exhausted to continue.
- An AED is ready to use.
- The scene becomes unsafe.
USING AN AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATOR (AED)
If an AED is available:
- Turn on AED.
- Wipe chest dry.
- Attach the pads.
- Plug in connector, if necessary.
- Make sure no one is touching the individual.
- Push the “Analyze” button, if necessary.
- If a shock is advised, push the “Shock” button.
- Perform compressions and follow AED prompts.
HEAT-RELATED MEDICAL EMERGENCIES
Note: To avoid heat-related medical emergencies, you should avoid extensive sun exposure and strenuous activities, drink plenty of water, and wear light-colored, loose clothing. Heat Exhaustion
: Symptoms include heavy sweating; weakness; cold, pale and clammy skin; weak pulse; fainting; vomiting.
- Cool the victim rapidly from the shoulders down.
- Move to air-conditioned place if possible.
- Loosen clothing.
- Apply cool, wet cloths and fan the victim.
- Encourage victim to drink cool water, one tablespoon at a time.
- Seek medical follow up.
- If victim refuses water or if vomiting occurs, call 911.
Symptoms are high body temperature; red, hot and dry skin; rapid, strong pulse; possibly unconsciousness. Anytime we are unable to rehydrate the victim (either because they refuse or because they are vomiting), the incidence is classified as Heat Stroke.
- Call 911. Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency and can be fatal.
- Remove all hot, sweaty clothing
- Cool the victim rapidly, from the shoulders down, with cool but not icy water.
- Carefully move the victim to a cool, shady place.
- DO NOT FORCE FLUIDS if the victim is either unwilling or vomiting.